M.Phil Courses

 

S.No

Course No.

Title

Credit Hours

Page No.

1 Phy.Chem:601 Adv. Mathematics for Chemist
3
1
2 Phy.Chem:602 Statistical Treatment of Experimental Data
3
2
3 Phy.Chem:701 Chemical Kinetics
3
3
4 Phy.Chem:702 Chemical and Statistical Thermodynamics
3
4
5 Phy.Chem:703 Quantum Chemistry
3
5
6 Phy.Chem:704 Molecular Spectroscopy
3
6
7 Phy.Chem:705 Electrochemistry
3
7
8 Phy.Chem:706 Environmental Chemistry
3
8
9 Phy.Chem:707 Colloid Chemistry
3
9
10 Phy.Chem:708 Polymer Chemistry
3
10
11 Phy.Chem:709 Instrumental Method of Analysis
3
11
12 Phy.Chem:710 Heterogeneous Catalysis: I-Principles
3
12

Course No.: Phys. Chem. 601
Credit Hours: 3.0
Title: Adv. Mathematics for chemists

 

  1. Concept of Functions and Their Graphs:

Logarithmic, Exponential, Trigonometric, Inverse functions, Partial fractions.

  1. Coordinate systems:

Rectangular, Plain polar and spherical polar, Elliptical.

  1. Dimensional analysis and units:

Force, Pressure, Energy.

  1. Differentiation using Ab Initio method:

Rules for differentiating Logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric functions, and polynomials, Second order differentiation and concept of minima, maxima and inflection point. Partial differentiation and its geometric meaning.

  1. Integration:

Definite and Indefinite Integrals, Rules for Integration of polynomials, Logarithmic, exponential and trigonometric functions.

  1. Differential equations:

First order, second order, homogeneous partial differential equation of second order & first degree.

  1. Probability:

Definition of probability, Combination and permutation, Concept of factorial, Calculation of average, second moment, variance and standard deviation, Concept of distribution function.

  1. Series and limits:

Arithmetic and geometric series MaClaurin’s series, L’Hopital Rule.

 

Recommended Books

1

P. Tebbutt

Mathematics for ChemistsJohn Wiley,  1998.

 

 

 

2

D.M. Hirst

Mathematics for ChemistsMacmillan,
1976.

3

E. Steiner

The Chemistry Maths BookOxford, 1996.

 

 

 

Course No. Phy: Chem: 602

Credit Hours: 3.0

Title: Statistical Treatment of Experimental Data

  1. MEASUEMENTS, ERRORS AND ESTIMATES:

Limitation of analytical methods, Classification of Errors, Accuracy, Precision, Measurement of Central Tendency, Mean, Measurement of Dispersion, The standard Deviation, Standard Deviation and the Z-value

  1. DISTRIBUTION OF DATA AND UNCERTANTIES:

Distribution of random error, Probability and random error, The standard normal curve, Normally distributed random variable, Normal probability plot.

  1. TESTS FOR THE RELIABILITY OF RESULTS:

Confidence interval and the students, Comparison of means of two samples, Tests of significance, Criteria for rejection of the data, the Q value Control Charts

  1. ACCURACY AND PRECISION IN HANDLING RESULTS:

Significant figures and computation rules, the propagation of random error, the propagation of systematic error

  1. THE ELEMENTARY STATISTICS OF CALIBRATION:

Filling a straight line to calibration data, linear regression with one independent variable, the coefficient of determination, linear correlation

 

Recommended Books

1

M. Cario,

Measurement Analysis:  An introduction to the Statistical Analysis of Laboratory Data in Physics, Chemistry and Life Science.
World Scientific, 2000.

2

D. McCormick  & A. Roach

Measurement, Statistics and Computation.
(Analytical Chemistry by open learning)
Chapman, 1987.

3

D.C. Harris,

Quantitative Chemical Analysis
Free Mann, 1999.

4

N.A. WEIS

Introductory Statistics,
Addison – Wesley, 1995

Course No: 701
Credit Hours: 3.0
Title:  Chemical Kinetics

1

Basic Kinetics Concepts:

Scope of chemical kinetics, Reaction Stoichiometry, rates of consumption and formation, Extent of Reaction, Rate of reaction, Empirical rate equation, Elementary, composite and Chain reactions

2

Analysis of Kinetics Results:

Differential Method, Method of integration, Isolation method, Half life method, Comparison of methods, Opposing reactions, Reaction in flow system, Correlation of physical properties with concentration, Conventional experimental techniques, Techniques for very fast reactions and influence of temperature on reaction rates

3

Mechanism of Elementary Reactions:

Potential energy surfaces, Kinetic theory of collision, Conventional transition state theory and its application, Comparison of two theories, Thermo chemical formulation of transition state theory, Lindemann Christiansen hypothesis for uni-molecular reactions, Kinetics isotope effect.

4

Reactions in solutions:
Solvent effect on reaction rate, Factors determining reaction rates in solution, Reaction between ion.

5

Composite Reactions:

Parallel reactions, Consecutive reactions, steady state treatment, Reactions involving free radical mechanism,

.

Recommended Books

1

P. L. Houston,

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics
McGraw-Hill, 2001.

2

M. Mortimer
P. G. Tylor

Chemical Kinetics and Mechanism
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2002.

3

G. D. Billing
K. V. Mikkelsen,

Advanced Molecular Dynamics and chemical Kinetics.
Wiley-Interscience, 1997.

4

K. J. Laidler,

Chemical Kinetics, 3rdedition,Harper and Row, 1987.

5

Steinfeld, Francisco and Hase

Chemical Kinetics and Dynamics,
Prentice-Hall, 1999.

 

 

Course No: Phy. Chem: 702
Credit Hours: 3.0
Title : Chemical and Statistical Thermodynamics

 

  1. INTRODUCTION:

Fundamental concepts, the Zeroth law.

  1. Energy and First law of Thermodynamics:

Heat flow, heat capacity and   work and heat, Energy as state function, empirical temperature enthalpy energy equation of steady flow, the heat engine and the refrigerator.

  1. SECOND AND THIRD LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS:

Entropy, Clausius and Kelvin-Planck statements of the second Law, Helmholtz and Gibb”s function. The third law,

  1. STATISTICAL THERMODYNAMICS:

Introduction: Macroscopic and microscopic variables, The Bose-Einstein statistics, The Fermi-Dirac statistics. The Maxwell Boltzmann statistics, Distribution function, Partition function, applications.

 

RECOMMENDED BOOKS

1

F. W.Sears
G. L. Salinger

Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory and Statistical Thermodynamics (3rd Edition)John Wiley, 1975.

2

B.N. Roy

Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics
John Wiley, 2002.

3

H.B. Callen

Thermodynamics and Introduction to Thermostatistics, 2nd Edition
John Wiley, 1985


Course No.: Phys. Chem: 703

Credit Hours: 3
Title: QUANTUM CHEMISTRY

I

Introduction:
Basic principles, wave mechanics, Schrodinger equation.

2

Free/Bound Particles:
Barriers, tunneling, particle-in-a-box.

3

Quantum Mechanics:
Operators, eigenvalue equations, 3-dimensional equations, wave functions.

4

The Harmonic Oscillator:
Solutions, molecular vibration.

5

Angular Momentum:
Commutation relations, angular momentum operators, spherical harmonics, ladder operators, rigid rotor.

6

The Hydrogen Atom:
Separation of variables, energy levels and quantum numbers, wave functions, orbitals.

7

More Quantum Mechanics:
Hermitian operators, basis sets, parity, postulates, matrix formulation

8

Approximations in Quantum Mechanics:
Variational methods, perturbation theory, time-dependent interactions

9

Multi-electron Systems:
Electron spin, Pauli principle, electron interactions

10

Molecular Systems:
Molecular symmetry, Born-Oppenheimer approximation, bonding and electronic structure, molecular orbitals, excited states, MO and VB wavefunctions, dipole moments, virial theorem

11

Theoretical Quantum Chemistry:
Ab-initio methods, SCF-MO treatment, configuration interaction, perturbation treatments, density-functional theory, semi-empirical methods, Huckel theory, molecular mechanics, computational chemistry.

Recommended Books

1

P. W. Atkins, R. S. Friedman

Molecular Quantum Mechanics, Oxford, 1996

2

D. A. McQuarrie,

Quantum Chemistry, University Science Books, 1983

3

I.N. Levine

Quantum Chemistry, Prentice Hall, 2000

4

J. P. Lowe

Quantum Chemistry, Academic Press, 1993

Course No: Phy.Chem: 704
Credit Hours: 3.0
Title: MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY

1

Introduction:
Radiation and matter,  Quantization and molecular energy levels, The intensity of spectral lines, Population and intensity, Selection rules and intensity, Line widths, Stimulated emission, Spontaneous emission.

2

Pure Rotation Spectra:
The rotational energy levels, Spherical top molecules, Symmetric top molecules, Linear molecules, Rotational transitions, Rotational Raman spectra

3

Vibrations of  Molecules:
Molecular vibrations, Vibration spectra of diatomic molecules, Vibration-rotation spectra of diatomic molecules, Vibrational Raman spectra of diatomic molecules
Vibrational spectra of polyatomic molecules, Vibrational Raman spectra of polyatomic molecules

4

Electronic Spectroscopy, Diatomic Molecules:
The vibrational and rotational structure of electronic bands, Electronic state of atoms, Electronic orbitals and electronic states of diatomic molecules, potential energy curves for electronic states of diatomic molecules.

5

Electronic Spectroscopy, Polyatomic Molecules:
Electronic states of localized groups, Electronic transitions and absorption bands, Conjugated systems by the free-electron model, Electronic states and transition in aromatic systems, Coordination compounds, Nonradioactive processes, Fluorescence

6

Resonance Spectroscopy:
Electron spin resonance, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Mossbauer spectroscopy

Recommended Books

1

J. M. Brown

Molecular Spectroscopy
Oxford, 1998.

2

S. Duckett
D. B. Gilbert

Foundation of Spectroscopy
Oxford, 1999

3

C. Banwell
E. McCash

Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy
McGraw-Hill, 1994

4

J. M. Hollans

Modern Spectroscopy
John Wiley, 1996

5

J. I. Steinfeld

Molecules and Radiation: An Introduction to Modern Molecular SpectroscopyMIT Press, 1978


Course No.: Phys.Chem. 705

Credit Hours. 3.0

Title: Electrochemistry

1

Basic electrochemistry:
Foundations, Definitions and Concepts, Electrical Conductivity and Interionic Interactions, The electrical double layer and its structure, Electrical Potentials and Electrical Current, Thermodynamics of electrochemical reactions, Kinetics of electrochemical reactions.

2

Electrodes and electrolytes:
Working electrodes, Reference electrodes, Electrolytes, Electrochemical Methods for the Study of the Electrode/Electrolyte Interface.

3

Electroanalytical Techniques:
Cyclic Voltammetry,Pulse Voltammetry, Square Wave Voltammetry, Chronocoulometry, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, UV/Vis/NIR Spectroelectrochemistry, Stripping Voltammetry, Electrochemical Studies of Solid compounds and materials, Potentiometry.

4

Applications:
Potentiometric Sensors, Amperometric and Voltametric Sensors, Electrochemistry in Industry, Corrossion, Bioelectrochemistry.

Recommended Books

  1. C. M. A. Brett and A, M, O, Brett

Electrochemistry: Principles, Methods, and Applications
Oxford, 1993.

2.   F, Scholz (Ed.)

Electroanalytical Methods: Guide to Experiments and Applications,Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002.

  1. R-I, Stefan, J, F, van Staden, H, Y, Aboul-Enein

Electrochemical Sensors in Bioanalysis
Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001.

 

Phys.Chem. 706
Credit Hours: 3.0
Title: Environmental Chemistry

1

Introduction:
Environmental chemistry, Environmental segments, Species present in environment, types of pollution, Environmental radioactivity.

2

Air Pollution:
Classification of air pollution, Acid rain, Photochemical smog, Characteristics of pollutants, Air quality standards, Atmospheric sampling and analysis, Air pollution from industrial and other sources,

3

Water Pollution:
Types of water pollutants, Organic pollutants, Inorganic pollutants, Physical and chemical characterization of pollutants, waste water treatments, Advanced oxidation technologies (AOT) for water treatment, Wastewater from some typical industries.

4

Solid Pollutants:
Classification and origin of solid wastes, Characteristics of solid wastes, Solid waste treatment and methods of disposal.

5

Toxic and Hazardous Waste:
Types of toxic and hazardous waste, Radioactive waste, Nuclear waste management, Toxic chemicals, Treatment and disposal of hazardous waste, Control and treatment of trace elements.

Recommended Books

1

S. E. Manahan

Environmental Chemistry,
CRC, Florida, 1999.

2

C. Baird
W. H. Freeman

Environmental Chemistry
-------, N.Y., 1994.

3

S. S. Dara

A Text Book of Environmental Chemistry and Pollution Control
Chand. Co.New Delhi, 1993.

4

S. Chose

Environmental Chemistry
Dominant, New Delhi, 2003


Phys.Chem.: 707
Title: Colloidal Chemistry

1

Colloidal Materials:
Basic concepts, Preparation techniques, Characterization, brownian motion and flocculation.

2

Colloidal Forces:
Basic concepts of interfaces, Vander walls, Double layer and other short range forces, Thermodynamics of interfacial tensions and two dimensional equation of states. Stability of colloidal dispersions. Dl Vo Theory

3

Electrokinetic Phenomena:
Electrophoresis, Zeta Potential measurement and applications.

4

Colloidal Association:
Micells, Micillar thermodynamics and micellar applications.

Recommended Books

1

P.c. Hiemenz, R. Rajagopalan

Principles of Colloidal and Surface Chemistry,
Dekker, New York, 1997.

2

A.W. Adamson
A. Gast

Physical Chemistry of Surfaces
J. Wiley, 1999.

3

D. F. Evans, H. Wennerstrom

The Colloidal Domain: Where Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Technology Meet.
VCH New York, 1194.

4

R. J. Huntetr

Foundation of Colloid Science, Volume I.,
Oxford science, Oxford. 1989

5

W. B. Russel, D. Saville, W. Schowalter

Colloida; Dispersions,
CambridgeUniversity Press, Cambridge, 1989


Phy.Chem. 708
Credit Hours:  3.0
Title :  Polymer Chemistry

  1. Introduction:

The Science of large molecules, basic concepts of polymer science, History of macromolecular science, molecular forces and chemical bonding in polymers.

  1. Polymer Synthesis:

Step Growth polymerization, Free Radical Chain Polymerization Ionic, Polymerization, Co-polymerization, emulsion polymerization.

  1. Characterization of polymers:

Dissolution of polymers, Solubility parameters, Entropy of mixing. End Group Analysis, Colligative property, Measurement, Light Scattering, Solution viscosity, Ultracentrifugation.

  1. Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Polymers:

The Glass Transition Temperature (Tg), Methods of determining the Tg, Viscoelastic state, linear viscoelastic behaviour of amorphous polymers, Time-Temperature superposition Principle.

  1. Structure Property Relationship:

General consideration, Control of Tm and Tg, Plasticizers, Crystallinity and Mechanical response, Applications to fibers, elastomers and plastics.

  1. Special topics in Polymer Chemistry:

Polymer Liquid Crystals, Polymers in Electronic Industry, Polymer composites and Blends, Polymers and Environment, High Temperature specialty  polymers, Poly electrolytes, Polymers for food packaging Degradable polymers.

Recommended Books

1

J.MN.G. Cowie

Polymers: chemistry and Physics of Modern Materials ( 2nd  Edition)Blackie glasgow, 2001.

2

George Odian

Principles of Polymerization (2nd edition), John Wiley (1981).

3

R.B. Seymour, C.E. Carraher

Polymer Chemistry
Marcel Deckker, 2000.

4

R. Sheldon

Composite Polymeric Materials
Applied Science, 1982.

5

J.W. Nicholson

The chemistry of polymers (2nd Edition)
Royal Society of Chemistry, 1997.


Course No.: Phys. Chem. 709
Credit Hours: 3.0
Title: Instrumental Methods of Analysis

  1. Introduction:

Introduction to instrumental methods, its comparison with classical methods of analysis Importance. Electromagnetic Radiations: Theirnature, spectrum, regions. Interaction with matter.

2.         Absorption Methods / Emission methods.
UV/Vis  spectroscopy:   theory, Beer;s  Law, its deviation instrumentation, sources            of radiation, detectors, various spectrophotometers ( single and double beam ).

3..       Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy:
Instrumentation, optical atomization, detection limit, interferences.Flame photometry, flame emission spectroscopy.

4..Electron and  Ion Spectroscopic Methods:
Scanning electron microscopy. Principle, instrumentation, limits Transmission  electron microscopy. Principle, instrumentation, limits transmission electron.

5..I.R. Spectroscopy :
Principle , instrumentation, sources of radiation, I.R. Spectral assignment for single compounds. Fomier transform I.R.  For, Mid and Near I.R.

6..Electrochemical Methods:Potentiometry:
Conductiometry, Polmography, stripping voltammetry.Instrumentation and applications Mobility and Zeta Potential Measurement.

  1. Thermometric Techniques:

Thermograrimetric analysis (TGA)/, Differential        thermal analysis (DTA), and Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC): Instrumentation and application.

Recommended Books

1

D.A. Skoog
H. F.James
T. A. Nieman

Principles of Instrumental analysis, 5thed.

Brooks Cole, 1997.

2

K. A, Robinson J. F. Robinson

Contemporary Instrumental Analysis

Printice Hall, 2000.

3

Frank A, Settle

Handbook of Instrumental Techniques for Analytical Chemistry
Printice Hall, 1997.

4

D. A. Skoog

Fundamental of Analytical Chemistry

Printice Hall, 1997.

5

G. W. Ewing

Instrumental Methods of Chemical analysis

McGraw-Hill, 1988

Course No.: Phy.Chem: 710
Credit Hours: 3

Title: HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS: I-Principles

 

Introduction:

Historical, Definition of catalysis,  The basis of catalytic action, Requirement of  an industrially useful chemical reaction, Kinetics of catalyzed reaction, Implication of the definition of catalysis, Catalysts in action, Classification of catalytic systems, Classification of solid catalysts.

Adsorption on Solid Surfaces:

Adsorption of molecule at solid surfaces, Adsorption isotherms, Surface area and porosity.

Chemisorption at Metal Surfaces:

Metal surface for fundamental research, Adsorbed states of molecules on metals, Potential-energy curves for adsorption, Descriptive chemistry of chemisorption on metals, Quantitative aspect of chemisorption on metals.

Chemisorption at Oxide Surfaces:

Introduction, Electrical conductivity of solids, The Band Theory of solids, Chemisorption at semi conducting oxides, Adsorption on insulator oxides.

Kinetics of Catalyzed Reactions:

Rates and order of reactions, Effect of temperature on the rates of catalyzed reactions, Mass-transport limitation of catalyzed reactions.

Recommended Readings:

1

M. Bowker

Basics and Application of Heterogeneous Catalysis
Oxford, 1998

2

B.C. Gates

Catalytic chemistry
John Wiley, 1992

3

G.C.Bond

Heterogeneous Catalysis: Principals and applications,
Oxford, 1987

4

M. Boudart and G.D. Mariadassou

Kinetics of Heterogeneous catalytic reactions,
Princeton, 1984.

 

 
 
 
 
 

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